MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Mark Seifter This mega-recitation covers the boosting problem from Quiz 4, Fall 2009. We determine which classifiers to use, then perform three rounds of boosting, adjusting the weights in each round. This gives us an expression for the final classifier. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Mark Seifter We begin by discussing neural net formulas, including the sigmoid and performance functions and their derivatives. We then work Problem 2 of Quiz 3, Fall 2008, which includes running one step of back propagation and matching neural nets with classifiers. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Patrick Winston This lecture begins with a brief discussion of cross-modal coupling. Prof. Winston then reviews big ideas of the course, suggests possible next courses, and demonstrates how a story can be understood from multiple points of view at a conceptual level. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Mark Seifter In this mega-recitation, we cover Problem 1 from Quiz 1, Fall 2009. We begin with the rules and assertions, then spend most of our time on backward chaining and drawing the goal tree for Part A. We end with a brief discussion of forward chaining. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Patrick Winston We begin with a review of inference nets, then discuss how to use experimental data to develop a model, which can be used to perform simulations. If we have two competing models, we can use Bayes’ rule to determine which is more likely to be accurate. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.868J The Society of Mind, Fall 2011 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-868JF11 Instructor: Marvin Minsky In this lecture, students use readings of M.A. Bozarth and Carl Sagan to discuss pleasure systems in the brain and human problem solving. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Patrick Winston In this lecture, we consider the nature of human intelligence, including our ability to tell and understand stories. We discuss the most useful elements of our inner language: classification, transitions, trajectories, and story sequences. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Patrick Winston In this lecture, we consider cognitive architectures, including General Problem Solver, SOAR, Emotion Machine, Subsumption, and Genesis. Each is based on a different hypothesis about human intelligence, such as the importance of language and stories. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Mark Seifter We start by discussing what a support vector is, using two-dimensional graphs as an example. We work Problem 1 of Quiz 4, Fall 2008: identifying support vectors, describing the classifier, and using a kernel function to project points into a new space. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Patrick Winston To determine whether three blocks form an arch, we use a model which evolves through examples and near misses; this is an example of one-shot learning. We also discuss other aspects of how students learn, and how to package your ideas better. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

* Please note: Lecture 20, which focuses on the AI business, is not available. MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Patrick Winston We begin this lecture with basic probability concepts, and then discuss belief nets, which capture causal relationships between events and allow us to specify the model more simply. We can then use the chain rule to calculate the joint probability table. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Patrick Winston Why do “cats” and “dogs” end with different plural sounds, and how do we learn this? We can represent this problem in terms of distinctive features, and then generalize. We end this lecture with a brief discussion of how to approach AI problems. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Mark Seifter This mega-recitation covers Problem 1 from Quiz 2, Fall 2007. We start with a minimax search of the game tree, and then work an example using alpha-beta pruning. We also discuss static evaluation and progressive deepening (Problem 1-C, Fall 2008 Quiz 2). License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Patrick Winston In this lecture, we build an identification tree based on yes/no tests. We start by arranging the tree based on tests that result in homogeneous subsets. For larger datasets, this is generalized by measuring the disorder of subsets. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Patrick Winston This lecture covers map coloring and related scheduling problems. We develop pseudocode for the domain reduction algorithm and consider how much constraint propagation is most efficient, and whether to start with the most or least constrained variables. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Patrick Winston How can we recognize the number of objects in a line drawing? We consider how Guzman, Huffman, and Waltz approached this problem. We then solve an example using a method based on constraint propagation, with a limited set of junction and line labels. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

*NOTE: These videos were recorded in Fall 2015 to update the Neural Nets portion of the class. MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Patrick Winston In this lecture, Prof. Winston discusses BLANK and modern breakthroughs in neural net research. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Patrick Winston We consider how object recognition has evolved over the past 30 years. In alignment theory, 2-D projections are used to determine whether an additional picture is of the same object. To recognize faces, we use intermediate-sized features and correlation. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Patrick Winston This lecture covers strategies for finding the shortest path. We discuss branch and bound, which can be refined by using an extended list or an admissible heuristic, or both (known as A*). We end with an example where the heuristic must be consistent. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Patrick Winston This lecture begins with a high-level view of learning, then covers nearest neighbors using several graphical examples. We then discuss how to learn motor skills such as bouncing a tennis ball, and consider the effects of sleep deprivation. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Patrick Winston Can multiple weak classifiers be used to make a strong one? We examine the boosting algorithm, which adjusts the weight of each classifier, and work through the math. We end with how boosting doesn’t seem to overfit, and mention some applications. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Patrick Winston We consider a block-stacking program, which can answer questions about its own behavior, and then identify an animal given a list of its characteristics. Finally, we discuss how to extract knowledge from an expert, using the example of bagging groceries. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu

MIT 6.034 Artificial Intelligence, Fall 2010 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-034F10 Instructor: Patrick Winston This lecture covers algorithms for depth-first and breadth-first search, followed by several refinements: keeping track of nodes already considered, hill climbing, and beam search. We end with a brief discussion of commonsense vs. reflective knowledge. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu