Genetic Engineering

Explore an intro to genetic engineering with The Amoeba Sisters. This video provides a general definition, introduces some biotechnology tools that can be used in genetic engineering, and discusses some related vocabulary (such as plasmid, vector, transformation, transgenic, and more). CRISPR is also mentioned; expand to see further reading to explore more. To see more Amoeba Sisters biotechnology related videos, visit

Table of Contents:
00:00 Intro
1:51 Genetic Engineering Defined
2:01 Insulin Production in Bacteria
3:55 Some Vocab
4:20 Vectors & More
6:40 Genetic Engineering Uses
7:30 Ethics
Factual References:

Clark, M. A., Douglas, M., & Choi, J. (2018, March 18). 17.1 Biotechnology – Biology 2e | OpenStax.

Urry, Lisa A, et al. Campbell Biology. 11th ed., New York, Ny, Pearson Education, Inc, 2017.

Zedalis, J., & Eggebrecht, J. (2018, March 8). 17.1 Biotechnology – Biology for AP® Courses | OpenStax.

Note: our description is limited in characters; we encourage you to keep exploring beyond these recommendations!

*GFP and fluorescence?

*This link has a great bacterial transformation exploration!

*How is genetic engineering (which video focuses on) & gene therapy (which video doesn’t mention) DIFFERENT? — this also talks about using viruses:

*Includes charts of different cells used to produce biopharmaceuticals:

*History of synthesizing growth factor (interesting!)

*Genetically engineered plants and…
**Pollutants in air or soils:
**Climate change mitigation?

*Genetically Engineered Chickens and Avian Influenza Resistance?

*Genetically Engineered Mice:

*More on CRISPR:
**Book recommendation:
“The Code Breaker: Jennifer Doudna, Gene Editing, and the Future of the Human Race” by Walter Isaacson

*What is bioethics? (from Michigan State University)

*CRISPR and Gene Editing Ethical Issues: concerns



The US Bureau of Labor Statistics puts genetic engineering in the category of bioengineers:

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