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Images/videos used under creative commons:
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Science Documentary: Genetics, Robotics, Quantum Computing, Artificial Intelligence

There are several technologies emerging that will change what it means to be called a human being. Genetics is the manipulation of cells at their most basic levels. Along with genomics, the manipulation of proteins will give scientists the ability to create whatever they want.

In the pharmaceutical industry, one of the most exciting treatments to arise are memory pills. These should be available in the coming years to treat patients with alzheimer’s and eventually the general public. The possibilities include eventually being able to take a pill to help you learn another language, improve test taking, etc.

Another interesting promise of the future of genetics is the promise of various new vaccines to help quit smoking. Also, DARPA has developed an anti-sleep vaccine. This is a vaccine that simply shuts off the trigger that makes us fall asleep. Another human enhancement technology being developed by DARPA is a drug that triggers the body to burn fat cells.

The future of robotics involves the melding of human and machine attributes into what can be referred to as a cyborg. Intelligent machines are becoming more and more prevalent in military combat. And they are also becoming much more complex. Wearable robot suits that amplify your lifting capacity will be available in the not so distant future.

Consciousness and Neuroscience
One of the biggest mysteries in neuroscience is consciousness. Scientists have discovered a lot about the brain, but little progress has been made in understanding consciousness. It is as if the study of the brain and mind are separate. It is puzzling to scientists as to why we subjectively experience anything. If we understood every single brain cell and every single brain process, we still would not understand consciousness as a physical object within the brain. Any kind of theory of the brain, that is able to handle and support an understanding of subjective experience or neuro-rehabilitation or other such complex brain functions may revolutionize artificial intelligence and robotics.

AGI – Artificial General Intelligence
Artificial intelligence is currently being used to control animated characters in video games. Integrating Artificial intelligence into robotics has proved rather difficult. As humans, we use metaphors everyday in our speech to describe complex ideas. Trying to teach robots to be able to interpret and comprehend these metaphors could be a tough task. But as scientists progress in their integration of artificial intelligence and robotics, we may soon see more and more of our human senses replicated in a much more precise and sophisticated fashion.

Optical Quantum Computing
The future of medial treatment may involve the use of quantum computers. Patients will have a device like a cell phone that they carry with them which monitors their health and sends the information to their doctor who can then prescribe treatment to his patient. Understanding quantum physics has allowed researchers to develop this technology as well as other more and more complex quantum technologies.

Science Documentary: Personalized Medicine, Synthetic Biology , a documentary on genetic design
http://youtu.be/Jk9I1Krizx4

Science Documentary:Perfect lenses,smart textiles,biomedical sensors a documentary on nanotechnology
http://youtu.be/waRH1o0JOjs

Science Documentary: Comets: threat to extinguish life and potential to bring life: Rosetta, Philae
http://youtu.be/cq29GL38fc8

Science Documentary: The Sun, a science documentary on star life cycles, star formation
http://youtu.be/VJ9fmAGShvs

Science Documentary: Big Bang, Inflation, Multiverse, a Documentary on Cosmology
http://youtu.be/I11fBDyim1U

Science Documentary: Planet formation, a documentary on elements, early earth and plate tectonics
http://youtu.be/yQexV341t-E

Science Documentary : Electromagnetic Spectrum , a science documentary on forms of light
http://youtu.be/41Q6FeO-_8I

This six-part video series goes through an end-to-end Natural Language Processing (NLP) project in Python to compare stand up comedy routines.

– Natural Language Processing (Part 1): Introduction to NLP & Data Science
– Natural Language Processing (Part 2): Data Cleaning & Text Pre-Processing in Python
– Natural Language Processing (Part 3): Exploratory Data Analysis & Word Clouds in Python
– Natural Language Processing (Part 4): Sentiment Analysis with TextBlob in Python
– Natural Language Processing (Part 5): Topic Modeling with Latent Dirichlet Allocation in Python
– Natural Language Processing (Part 6): Text Generation with Markov Chains in Python

All of the supporting Python code can be found here: https://github.com/adashofdata/nlp-in-python-tutorial

For downloadable versions of these lectures, please go to the following link:

http://www.slideshare.net/DerekKane/presentations
https://github.com/DerekKane/YouTube-Tutorials

This is an introduction to text analytics for advanced business users and IT professionals with limited programming expertise. The presentation will go through different areas of text analytics as well as provide some real work examples that help to make the subject matter a little more relatable. We will cover topics like search engine building, categorization (supervised and unsupervised), clustering, NLP, and social media analysis.

Interview with Stuart Russell, Professor of Computer Science, University of California, Berkeley, at the AI for Good Global Summit 2018, ITU, Geneva, Switzerland.

Prof Dr Prof h.c. Andreas Dengel (Scientific Director of the Smart Data & Knowledge Services Research Department, DFKI) is interviewed by Dr Nabil Alsabah (Head of Artificial Intelligence, Bitkom) about “AI: The Blurring Line Between Reality and Science Fiction” at hub.berlin on April 10th 2019.

hub.berlin is one of the most important technology and business festivals for digital movers and makers in Europe. More than 8,000 digital experts experience the future of digitisation today. Managers, founders, politicians and scientists come together to shape the digital transformation.

Discover more at www.hub.berlin.
www.bitkom.org
www.dfki.de/web

#hubberlin #interview #bas19

“The very first idea that we might be suffering this pandemic came from an AI program.”

Artificial intelligence (AI) can be used in testing, tracing and even treating COVID-19. Hear more from Professor Toby Walsh in this episode all about coronavirus and the computer.

This is episode 20 of the #LatestFromScience series, our response to provide credible and up to date information right now on COVID-19. You can watch more episodes here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9DfJTxCPaXKZiJ1cZioIhxmJZmwfru_o

This is also a chance for you to ask your questions. Send us a direct message via Facebook, Tweet us on the hashtag #LatestFromScience, or visit our website, science.org.au/covid19

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Machine Learning for Engineering and Science Applications – Intro Video

In this talk, I will introduce the audience to the emerging area of
computational social science, focusing on how machine learning for social science differs from machine learning in other contexts. I will present two related models — both based on Bayesian Poisson tensor decomposition — for uncovering latent structure from count data. The first is for uncovering topics in previously classified government documents, while the second is for uncovering multilateral relations from country-to-country interaction data. Finally, I will talk briefly about the broader ethical implications of analyzing social data.

Hanna Wallach is a Senior Researcher at Microsoft Research New York City and an Adjunct Associate Professor in the College of Information and Computer Sciences at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. She is also a member of UMass’s Computational Social Science Institute. Hanna develops machine learning methods for analyzing the structure, content, and dynamics of social processes. Her work is inherently interdisciplinary: she collaborates with political scientists, sociologists, and journalists to understand how organizations work by analyzing publicly available interaction data, such as email networks, document collections, press releases, meeting transcripts, and news articles. To complement this agenda, she also studies issues of fairness, accountability, and transparency as they relate to machine learning. Hanna’s research has had broad impact in machine learning, natural language processing, and computational social science. In 2010, her work on infinite belief networks won the best paper award at the Artificial Intelligence and Statistics conference; in 2014, she was named one of Glamour magazine’s “35 Women Under 35 Who Are Changing the Tech Industry”; in 2015, she was elected to the International Machine Learning Society’s Board of Trustees; and in 2016, she was named co-winner of the 2016 Borg Early Career Award. She is the recipient of several National Science Foundation grants, an Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity grant, and a grant from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Hanna is committed to increasing diversity and has worked for over a decade to address the underrepresentation of women in computing. She co-founded two projects—the first of their kind—to increase women’s involvement in free and open source software development: Debian Women and the GNOME Women’s Summer Outreach Program. She also co-founded the annual Women in Machine Learning Workshop, which is now in its eleventh year. Hanna holds a BA in computer science from the University of Cambridge, an MSc in cognitive science and machine learning from the University of Edinburgh, and a PhD in machine learning from the University of Cambridge.

Links to materials and sites referenced in Hanna’s talk:
http://dirichlet.net/
https://github.com/hannawallach/python-lda
https://github.com/hannawallach/cmpsci691bm
http://mallet.cs.umass.edu/topics.php
https://radimrehurek.com/gensim/
http://scikit-learn.org/stable/modules/generated/sklearn.decomposition.LatentDirichletAllocation.html
https://github.com/aschein/bptf
http://www.fatml.org/

See the complete SciPy 2016 Conference talk & tutorial playlist here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLYx7XA2nY5Gf37zYZMw6OqGFRPjB1jCy6.

Some chronic conditions, such as the autoimmune disease scleroderma, are especially difficult to treat because patients exhibit highly variable symptoms, complications and treatment responses. The process of finding an effective treatment for an individual can be frustrating for doctors, and painful and expensive for patients.

With support from the National Science Foundation (NSF), computer scientist and professor Suchi Saria, with Dr. Fredrick Wigley and an interdisciplinary team of experts at Johns Hopkins University, is leading a groundbreaking effort using Big Data to ease some of that pain for scleroderma patients. The team’s research is in machine learning, a subfield of computer science and statistics that allows machines to learn from data. The team designs statistical algorithms that enable computers to analyze large volumes of medical records and identify subgroups of patients with similar patterns of disease progression.

In addition, the system learns the symptoms and treatments that are predictive of specific patterns of improvement or deterioration to help doctors pick the right set of treatments for an individual patient. Doctors can then map the course of treatment for new patients, based in part on what the computers reveal about what happened to other patients with similar symptoms.

Saria foresees data analysis similar to this helping clinicians treat other chronic diseases, such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.

Research in this episode was supported by NSF award #1418590, Smart and Connected Health (SCH)/Integrative Projects (INT): Collaborative Research: Modeling Disease Trajectories in Patients with Complex, Multiphenotypic Conditions.

NSF Grant URL: http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1418590&HistoricalAwards=false

Miles O’Brien, Science Nation Correspondent
Ann Kellan, Science Nation Producer

A Stationers’ Company Digital Media Group event at Stationers’ Hall on ‘Artificial Intelligence – Our Future: The Impact on the Content and Communication Industries’

For more events please visit: https://stationers.org/events.html

Physicist Max Tegmark on predictions that cannot be observed, explanation of Universe’ fine tuning, and quantum computer

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“Human-compatible AI” by Stuart Russell, Professor of Computer Science at UC Berkeley on March 21st 2018 at the Data Driven Paris.

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** Data Science Certification using R: https://www.edureka.co/data-science-r-programming-certification-course **
In this video on Text Mining In R, we’ll be focusing on the various methodologies used in text mining in order to retrieve useful information from data. The following topics are covered in this session:

(01:18) Need for Text Mining
(03:56) What Is Text Mining?
(05:42) What is NLP?
(07:00) Applications of NLP
(08:33) Terminologies in NLP
(14:09) Demo

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About the Course

Edureka’s Data Science course will cover the whole data lifecycle ranging from Data Acquisition and Data Storage using R-Hadoop concepts, Applying modeling through R programming using Machine learning algorithms and illustrate impeccable Data Visualization by leveraging on ‘R’ capabilities.

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Why Learn Data Science?

Data Science training certifies you with ‘in demand’ Big Data Technologies to help you grab the top paying Data Science job title with Big Data skills and expertise in R programming, Machine Learning and Hadoop framework.

After the completion of the Data Science course, you should be able to:

1. Gain insight into the ‘Roles’ played by a Data Scientist
2. Analyze Big Data using R, Hadoop and Machine Learning
3. Understand the Data Analysis Life Cycle
4. Work with different data formats like XML, CSV and SAS, SPSS, etc.
5. Learn tools and techniques for data transformation
6. Understand Data Mining techniques and their implementation
7. Analyze data using machine learning algorithms in R
8. Work with Hadoop Mappers and Reducers to analyze data
9. Implement various Machine Learning Algorithms in Apache Mahout
10. Gain insight into data visualization and optimization techniques
11. Explore the parallel processing feature in R

– – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Who should go for this course?

The course is designed for all those who want to learn machine learning techniques with implementation in R language, and wish to apply these techniques on Big Data. The following professionals can go for this course:

1. Developers aspiring to be a ‘Data Scientist’
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3. SAS/SPSS Professionals looking to gain understanding in Big Data Analytics
4. Business Analysts who want to understand Machine Learning (ML) Techniques
5. Information Architects who want to gain expertise in Predictive Analytics
6. ‘R’ professionals who want to captivate and analyze Big Data
7. Hadoop Professionals who want to learn R and ML techniques
8. Analysts wanting to understand Data Science methodologies.

For online Data Science training, please write back to us at sales@edureka.co or call us at IND: 9606058406 / US: 18338555775 (toll-free) for more information.

Discover the best data science startups to work for in 2020… or read the full article: http://bit.ly/38y6GN6

Before you start sending out your resume to Bain and McKinsey, consider our list of the Best Data Science Startups to Work For in 2020!

Why work for a data science startup?

Sure, big data science consultancies have the stability and the benefits every aspiring data scientist strives for. However, you may find yourself working on predictable and often repetitive tasks with little opportunities for growth. At least for the first few years.

Startups, on the other hand, allow you to develop your skillset by trying new things and handling a variety of challenges. Responsibilities there change quite frequently. So, within less than a year you could be doing something entirely different… And a lot more interesting for you than what you were initially hired for. In other words, the sky is the limit!

We based our research on insight from KDnuggets, LinkedIn, and Forbes to discover the best startups to watch in 2019. Then we picked our top 10 – the fastest growing machine learning and tech startup companies that give you both development opportunities, and a chance to work on inspiring projects.

So… watch our data science startups review to learn what they do, where to apply, and why you should consider working there. And don’t mind the order – these startups are so unique, that every single one of them could easily be number 1 on our list.

Enjoy watching!

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Le deep learning, une technique qui révolutionne l’intelligence artificielle…et bientôt notre quotidien !

Écrit et réalisé par David Louapre © Science étonnante

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La vidéo de Fei Fei Li à TED : https://www.ted.com/talks/fei_fei_li_how_we_re_teaching_computers_to_understand_pictures

La leçon inaugurale de Yann Le Cun au Collège de France : http://www.college-de-france.fr/site/yann-lecun/inaugural-lecture-2016-02-04-18h00.htm

Références :
==========
Russakovsky, Olga, et al. « Imagenet large scale visual recognition challenge. » International Journal of Computer Vision 115.3 (2015): 211-252. http://arxiv.org/pdf/1409.0575

Radford, Alec, Luke Metz, and Soumith Chintala. « Unsupervised Representation Learning with Deep Convolutional Generative Adversarial Networks. » arXiv preprint arXiv:1511.06434 (2015). http://arxiv.org/pdf/1511.06434

Zeiler, Matthew D., and Rob Fergus. « Visualizing and understanding convolutional networks. » Computer vision–ECCV 2014. Springer International Publishing, 2014. 818-833. http://arxiv.org/pdf/1311.2901

Vinyals, Oriol, et al. “Show and tell: A neural image caption generator.” Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. 2015. http://arxiv.org/pdf/1411.4555.pdf

Joscha Bach presents his talk “Artificial General Intelligence as a Foundational Discipline in Cognitive Science” at the Seventh Conference on Artificial General Intelligence (AGI-14) in Quebec City (http://www.agi-conference.org/2014) as part of the Special Session on AGI and Cognitive Science.

Natural language processing (NLP) is a field of computer science, artificial intelligence and computational linguistics concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages, and, in particular, concerned with programming computers to fruitfully process large natural language corpora.

Python for Data Science Certification Training Course: https://www.simplilearn.com/big-data-and-analytics/python-for-data-science-training?utm_campaign=Data-Science-NLP-6WpnxmmkYys&utm_medium=Tutorials&utm_source=youtube

Download the Machine Learning Career Guide to explore and step into the exciting world of Machine Learning, and follow the path towards your dream career- https://www.simplilearn.com/machine-learning-career-guide-pdf?utm_campaign=Data-Science-NLP-6WpnxmmkYys&utm_medium=Tutorials&utm_source=youtube

The Data Science with Python course is designed to impart an in-depth knowledge of the various libraries and packages required to perform data analysis, data visualization, web scraping, machine learning, and natural language processing using Python. The course is packed with real-life projects, assignment, demos, and case studies to give a hands-on and practical experience to the participants.

Mastering Python and using its packages: The course covers PROC SQL, SAS Macros, and various statistical procedures like PROC UNIVARIATE, PROC MEANS, PROC FREQ, and PROC CORP. You will learn how to use SAS for data exploration and data optimization.

Mastering advanced analytics techniques: The course also covers advanced analytics techniques like clustering, decision tree, and regression. The course covers time series, it’s modeling, and implementation using SAS.

As a part of the course, you are provided with 4 real-life industry projects on customer segmentation, macro calls, attrition analysis, and retail analysis.

Who should take this course?
There is a booming demand for skilled data scientists across all industries that make this course suited for participants at all levels of experience. We recommend this Data Science training especially for the following professionals:
1. Analytics professionals who want to work with Python
2. Software professionals looking for a career switch in the field of analytics
3. IT professionals interested in pursuing a career in analytics
4. Graduates looking to build a career in Analytics and Data Science
5. Experienced professionals who would like to harness data science in their fields
6. Anyone with a genuine interest in the field of Data Science

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What is consciousness? “I think under certain circumstances being conscious is an important part of a mind; it’s a model of a model of a model basically. What it means is our mind (our new cortex) produces this dream that we take to be the world based on the sensory data – so it’s basically a hallucination that predicts what next hits your retina – that’s the world. Out there, we don’t know what this is.. The universe is some kind of weird pattern generator with some quantum properties. And this pattern generator throws patterns at us, and we try to find regularity in them – and the hidden layers of this neural network amount to latent variables that are colors people sounds ideas and so on.. And this is the world that we subjectively inhabit – that’s the world that we find meaningful.”

… “I find theories [about consciousness] that make you feel good very suspicious. If there is something that is like my preferred outcome for emotional reasons, I should be realising that I have a confirmation bias towards this – and that truth is a very brutal vector”..

Joscha Bach, Ph.D. is an AI researcher who worked and published about cognitive architectures, mental representation, emotion, social modeling, and multi-agent systems. He earned his Ph.D. in cognitive science from the University of Osnabrück, Germany, and has built computational models of motivated decision making, perception, categorization, and concept-formation. He is especially interested in the philosophy of AI and in the augmentation of the human mind.

Joscha has taught computer science, AI, and cognitive science at the Humboldt-University of Berlin and the Institute for Cognitive Science at Osnabrück. His book “Principles of Synthetic Intelligence” (Oxford University Press) is available on amazon now:
https://www.amazon.com/Principles-Synthetic-Intelligence-PSI-Architectures/dp/0195370678

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As Artificial Intelligence (AI) becomes more prevalent and powerful in our society, it becomes essential to look to its moral consequences. How can a machine become moral? How do some of the deeper questions of morality, especially those surrounding religion, evolution, and reason factor into this equation? This talk explores these and other questions in the hope of motivating further research on a project that has the power to doom or save the human race, as we know it. Devin is Chief Technology Officer at the DGC Group, providing gamification technologies and analytics to large corporate clients. He regularly employs machine learning techniques as part of the data analytic services and developing on an online gamification platform. He graduated from Austin College in 2009 with a double major in Philosophy and Religion. After graduating, he spent six years in Tibetan areas of China working for a non-profit, teaching English at a University, and developing an English Training School. Devin is currently pursuing his Master’s Degree at Columbia in Machine Learning, and regularly studies the philosophical and technological implications of Artificial Intelligence. Devin is especially drawn to non-western (especially Buddhist) philosophical insights of the mind and how these may have relevance in the development of Artificial Intelligence. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx

So we’ve talked a lot in this series about how computers fetch and display data, but how do they make decisions on this data? From spam filters and self-driving cars, to cutting edge medical diagnosis and real-time language translation, there has been an increasing need for our computers to learn from data and apply that knowledge to make predictions and decisions. This is the heart of machine learning which sits inside the more ambitious goal of artificial intelligence. We may be a long way from self-aware computers that think just like us, but with advancements in deep learning and artificial neural networks our computers are becoming more powerful than ever.

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Human-monitored security feeds are prohibitively expensive; why not get a Deep Science AI to watch your cameras and detect threats as they happen?

Subscribe to TechCrunch today: http://bit.ly/18J0X2e

TechCrunch is excited to announce the 19 startups pitching in the Startup Battlefield for TechCrunch Disrupt NYC 2017. Over the next three days on the most prestigious tech stage in the world, the Battlefield teams will compete for $50,000 and the coveted Disrupt Cup.

Watch more from Startup Battlefield here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list…

TechCrunch Disrupt is the world’s leading authority in debuting revolutionary startups, introducing game-changing technologies and discussing what’s top of mind for the tech industry’s key innovators.

AI: Neurons are learning by trial and error. Prof. Jürgen Schmidhuber explains the development of AI up to now.
More Information on digital responsibility: www.telekom.com/digital-responsibility.

Science Documentary: Augmented Reality, Nanotechnology, Artificial Intelligence

Wearable computers have made a lot of news recently. With Google glass, Meta’s space glass, etc. But the question is, how can we make them cheaper, smaller and increase battery life. Infinity Augmented Reality has been trying to solve that very problem. They have provided the the engine that translates your physical world into your virtual world.

Normal cameras are unable to sense the size of objects which they are photographing, so Occipital has created the PrimeSense 3D sensor, which is a structure sensor that gives metric distances to the surfaces of objects. So instead of sensing colors, you sense distances.

Uses for the PrimeSense 3D Structure Sensor include, real estate applications, crime scene recontruction, 3D Scanning of people and objects, and augmented reality gaming. The PrimeSense structural sensor displays the differences in distance by displaying different colors. It can also scan a 3D image that can be sent to a 3D printer, or scan an image that can be interacted with in a video game.

Large Scale Production of High Quality Nanomaterials

As the worlds population grows, the amount of people requiring health care is growing as well. Nanotechnology has promised to provide help in this area. There are many nanomaterials available that have very interesting properties, and these nanomaterials are currently being made in the lab. But since these nanomaterials are so small you need lots of them in order for them to be of any use. Nanomaterials are created using either the top down method or the bottom up method. One way is the chemical vapor deposition method, by which nanomaterials can be produced fairly quickly, you need heat, a carbon precursor, and a metal catalyst. But we need to be able to control the production of nanomaterials or they would be useless. Researchers have been successful in controlling nanomaterials like graphene. Various factors influence the formation of nanomaterials. Graphene and copper is a standard method. Filling carbon nanotubes with magnetic material could be useful in the medical field for drug delivery. And by combining conductive materials with insulating materials, you could create efficient electronics, or sensors, etc.

Artificial Intelligence and Robotics

In creating artificial intelligence, scientists have found that what they thought would be simple to create is actually quite hard, and what you would think would be hard to create is actually quite simple, since it is easier to replicate a great chess player than a small child. Combining the collective intelligence of humans and machines, or multiplicity is the idea of many people working together with groups of machines to solve problems.

Science Documentary: Augmented Reality,Virtual Reality,Wearable Computing
https://youtu.be/Xg4pKgXSJho

Science Documentary: 3D Printing, 3D Imaging, Ultra Fast Laser Imaging Technology
https://youtu.be/2ajmnPEhtJQ

Science Documentary: Genetics, Robotics, Quantum Computing, Artificial Intelligence
https://youtu.be/C5rEJURKgdM

Science Documentary: Graphene , a documentary on nanotechnology and nanomaterials
https://youtu.be/IUrqyuw-6Iw

Science Documentary: Nanotechnology,Quantum Computers, Cyborg Anthropology a future tech documentary
https://youtu.be/sCLnHKl0GT4

Science Documentary:Perfect lenses,smart textiles,biomedical sensors a documentary on nanotechnology
https://youtu.be/waRH1o0JOjs

Language. Easy for humans to understand (most of the time), but not so easy for computers. This is a short film about speech recognition, language understanding, neural nets, and using our voices to communicate with the technology around us.

Richard Socher (PhD Stanford) talks about his work in Artificial Intelligence (AI) at Salesforce.

This video was designed in conjunction with award-winning producer Patrick Sammon (co-producer of “Codebreaker”) to explain the benefits of pursuing a PhD in CS. This video showcases a young researcher with a PhD who is now working in industry as they talk about what compelled them to pursue a doctorate and how they are using their advanced training in their work. While many undergraduates understand that a PhD is needed for a position in academia, this video demonstrates how a PhD can be useful in industry as well.

During Uber Engineering’s first Machine Learning Meetup on September 12, 2017, Franziska Bell explains how Uber’s data science platforms to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of our products and operations. Examples include our machine learning-as-a-service platform (Michelangelo), forecasting platform (e.g., hardware capacity planning), and anomaly detection (e.g.,for predicting extreme events).

Read more about Michelangelo on the Uber Engineering Blog: https://eng.uber.com/michelangelo/

Read more about how we predict extreme events with neural networks on the Uber Engineering Blog: https://eng.uber.com/neural-networks/

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I think right now everybody is already perceiving that this is the decade of AI. And there is nothing like artificial intelligence that drives the digitization of the world. Historically artificial intelligence has always been the pioneer battallion of computer science.

When something was new and untested it was done in the field of AI, because it was seen as something that requires intelligence in some way, a new way of modeling things. Intelligence can be understood to a very large degree as the ability to model new systems, to model new problems.

And so it’s natural that even narrow AI is about making models of the world. For instance our current generation of deep-learning systems are already modeling things. They’re not modeling things quite in the same way with the same power as human minds can do it—They’re mostly classifiers, not simulators of complete worlds. But they’re slowly getting there, and by making these models we are, of course, digitizing things. We are making things accessible in data domains. We are making these models accessible to each other by computers and by AI systems.

And AI systems provide extensions to all our minds. Already now Google is something like my exo-cortex. It’s something that allows me to act as vast resources of information that get integrated in the way I think and extend my abilities. If I forget how to use a certain command in a programming language, it’s there at my fingertips, and I entirely rely on this like every other programmer on this planet. This is something that is incredibly powerful, and was not possible when we started out programming, when we had to store everything in our own brains.

I think consciousness is a very difficult concept to understand because we mostly know it by reference. We can point at it. But it’s very hard for us to understand what it actually is.

And I think at this point the best model that I’ve come up with—what we mean by consciousness—it is a model of a model of a model.
That is: our new cortex makes a model of our interactions with the environment. And part of our new cortex makes a model of that model, that is, it tries to find out how we interact with the environment so we can take this into account when we interaction with the environment. And then you have a model of this model of our model which means we have something that represents the features of that model, and we call this the Self.

And the self is integrated with something like an intentional protocol. So we have a model of the things that we attended to, the things that we became aware of: why we process things and why we interact with the environment. And this protocol, this memory of what we attended to is what we typically associate with consciousness. So in some sense we are not conscious in actuality in the here and now, because that’s not really possible for a process that needs to do many things over time in order to retrieve items from memory and process them and do something with them.

Consciousness is actually a memory. It’s a construct that is reinvented in our brain several times a minute.

And when we think about being conscious of something it means that we have a model of that thing that makes it operable, that we can use.

You are not really aware of what the world is like. The world out there is some weird [viewed?] quantum graph. It’s something that we cannot possibly really understand —first of all because we as observers cannot really measure it. We don’t have access to the full vector of the universe.

What we get access to is a few bits that our senses can measure in the environment. And from these bits our brain tries to derive a function that allows us to predict the next observable bits.

So in some sense all these concepts that we have in our mind, all these experiences that we have—sounds, people, ideas and so on— are not features of the world out there. There are no sounds in the world out there, no colors and so on. These are all features of our mental representations. They’re used to predict the next set of bits that are going to hit our retina or our eardrums.

I think the main reason why AI was started was that it was a science to understand the mind. It was meant to take over where psychology stopped making progress. Sometime after Piaget, at this point in the 1950s psychology was in this thrall of behaviorism. That means that it only focused on observable behavior. And in some sense psychology has not fully recovered from this. Even now “thinking” is not really a term in psychology, and we don’t have good ways to study thoughts and mental processes. What we study is human behavior in psychology. And in neuroscience we mostly study brains, nervous systems.

Elon Musk, Stuart Russell, Ray Kurzweil, Demis Hassabis, Sam Harris, Nick Bostrom, David Chalmers, Bart Selman, and Jaan Tallinn discuss with Max Tegmark (moderator) what likely outcomes might be if we succeed in building human-level AGI, and also what we would like to happen.

The Beneficial AI 2017 Conference: In our sequel to the 2015 Puerto Rico AI conference, we brought together an amazing group of AI researchers from academia and industry, and thought leaders in economics, law, ethics, and philosophy for five days dedicated to beneficial AI. We hosted a two-day workshop for our grant recipients and followed that with a 2.5-day conference, in which people from various AI-related fields hashed out opportunities and challenges related to the future of AI and steps we can take to ensure that the technology is beneficial.

You can find an audio balanced version of this panel here:

For more information on the BAI ‘17 Conference:

AI Principles

Beneficial AI 2017

A Principled AI Discussion in Asilomar

Data science holds the potential to impact our lives and how we work dramatically. Despite its promise, many questions about data science remain. How real is this emerging discipline? What opportunities and challenges does it present? How can Stanford nurture data science in research and education? Watch the video and hear some of Stanford’s thought leaders debate the answers to these questions.

Panel Speakers:
– Hector Garcia-Molina
– Vijay Pande
– John Hennessy
– Euan Ashley

Stanford’s YT Channel:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hxXIJnjC_HI