Artificial Intelligence is rapidly taking over the world as Elon Musk puts it “The amount on intelligence in the world that is not human intelligence is increasing”. These video explores the history A.I. and computing milestones, the danger this technology poses and more importantly how we can exist with AI in harmony going into the future.
Originally in the 17th-century the word computer referred to an occupation, in which people would perform mathematical calculations before digital computers were even invented
The first substantial computer was the giant ENIAC machine at the University of Pennsylvania, ENIAC stood for (Electrical Numerical Integrator and Calculator). It was a giant computer the size of a room that could handle various calculations and was generally understood to also be programmable.
The 1960s saw large mainframe computers become much more common in large industries and also in the US military and space program.
IBM became the unquestioned market leader in selling these large machines.
A veritable explosion of personal computers occurred in the early 1970s, starting with Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak showcasing the first Apple II at the First West Coast Computer Faire in San Francisco.
From than computers would continue to take over the world, getting smaller and more sophisticated with the introduction of laptops, phones and then the most iconic of moments being the introduction of the very first iPhone in 2007.
1920 – the first use of the word Robot in the English language in a science-fiction play by Czech writer Karel Capek,
1940 – Edward Condon displays Nimatron.
1965 – Joseph Weizenbaum (MIT) built ELIZA
1969 – Stanford Research Institute (SRI): Shakey the Robot
1979 – The Stanford Cart, built by Hans Moravec, In the same year, BKG, a backgammon program written by Hans Berliner at CMU, defeats the reigning world champion Luigi Villa.
1985 – AARON is created, a computer program written by artist Harold Cohen that creates original artistic images. He generates sails of 1000 pounds per work of Art,
1997 – The Deep Blue chess machine (IBM) defeats the (then) world chess champion, Garry Kasparov
1999 – Sony introduces an improved domestic robot, the AIBO becomes one of the first artificially intelligent “pets” that is also autonomous.
2004 – we see the groundbreaking use of autonomous technology when NASA’s robotic exploration rovers Spirit and Opportunity autonomously navigate the surface of Mars.
2005 – Honda’s ASIMO robot
2011 – IBM’s Watson computer defeated television game show Jeopardy! champions Rutter and Jennings. winning the first place prize of $1 million.
2013 – The Atlas disaster response Robot by Boston Dynamics is released
2016 – Google DeepMind’s AlphaGo, In the same year Sophia is released, one of the most realistic humanoid robots we have seen, so impressive that it was granted citizenship in Saudi Arabia and an official position at the UN.
2020 – OpenAI’s GPT-3, A program so sophisticated that it is able to gimmick personalities like Albert Einstein as shown in the Coldfusion video – This New A.I. Can Write Anything, Even Code (GPT-3).
In the year 1950 the father of Modern Computer Science Alan Turing proposes the Turing Test as a measure of machine intelligence.
In 2018, Google came close to passing the Turing test with its Duplex voice assistant.
In 2015 An open letter to ban development and use of autonomous weapons was signed by Hawking, Musk, Wozniak and 3,000 researchers in AI and robotics.
That’s where Elon Musk’s OpenAI comes in, whose mission is to build safe AI which benefits all of humanity.
A scary solution is the one proposed by Elon Musk’s Neuralink.
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