Are the New Brain Implants REALLY Effective?

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In 2016, Neuralink was launched by Elon Musk. Neuralink aims to treat paralysis, blindness and other impairments. All by transplanting brain-computer interfaces into the body. But Neuralink is not the only company which tries to use brain computer interfaces to cure diseases. Let’s find out how this works!
Brain computer interfaces are based on recording the activity of brain and creating an appropriate output on a device. Electroencephalography or EEG has been historically used for the first brain computer interfaces. In the 1950s-1980s brain computer interfaces were developed. An EEG reads the activity of the brain while a participant focuses on specific letters on a screen. When the letters light up, the brain becomes active and this is recorded. In this manner, words could be formulated. Later, brain computer interfaces were more often based on braim implants since it has a higher senitivity.
Bionic eyes are a subform of brain computer interfaces were a transplant stimulates the optic nerves of participants if a camera transmits signals. In this way, blind patients might be able to recognize shapes. More advances version of bionic eyes and other brain computer interfaces focus on transmitting more complex signals. Brain computer interfaces have also been used to move robotic arms or muscles of paralyzed patients. Neuralink uses these technologies in order to create brain computer interfaces. Although neuralink has not completed clinical trials yet, preclinical studies have shown that certain computer games can be controlled using only the mind. Let’s see how brain computer interfaces develop!

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The second patient story has been adapted from a patient story in the references and a blog article of a separate patient.

0:00-1:13 Intro
1:13-4:24 Developing Brain Computer Interfaces
4:24-6:41 Bionic Eyes
6:41-7:34 Ad Time
7:34-10:34 Robotic Arms
10:34-12:31 Mind-Ping-Pong & The Future

About Clemens Steinek:
CLEMENS STEINEK is a PhD student/youtuber (Sciencerely) who is currently conducting stem cell research in Germany.