Addressing dual-use research of concern in neuroscience and neurotechnology

In this presentation, Dr. Inga Ulnicane introduces an approach to address dual-use research of concern ( developed in the EU-funded Human Brain Project (HBP). Advances in neuroscience and neurotechnology come with promises of new treatments but they also present important societal and ethical concerns including those of dual use, misuse and unintended use. Over the past eight years, the Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) team of the HBP has undertaken research, engagement and co-creation activities in collaboration with many stakeholders within and beyond the HBP to develop a novel approach to address these issues. This approach considers a broad range of potential concerns of using neuroscience and neurotechnology in political, security, intelligence, military and other areas. To identify and address potential concerns, our approach uses RRI concept and its AREA (anticipation, reflection, engagement and action) framework focusing on societal needs. This approach has been outlined in our ‘Opinion on Responsible Dual Use. Political, Security, Intelligence and Military research of concern in Neuroscience and Neurotechnology.’ (